Verbraecken J. Applications of evolving technologies in sleep medicine. Breathe 2013; 9: 442-455. DOI: 10.1183/20734735.012213
Nocturnal polysomnography (PSG) is currently the most important laboratory technique in the management of sleep–wake disturbances and is considered the “gold standard” . New sensor technologies are entering the field, and rapid development in telecommunications and mobile technology has accelerated the introduction of telemedicine as a viable and reliable option . The present broad review is an amalgam of the current knowledge with proposed new sensors and remote control.
Traditional sleep monitoring methods use a variety of leads and probes on the patient’s face and body to gather data. Additional information can be achieved from these signals by advanced processing based on complex algorithms.
Improved sensor technologies and complex algorithms will in the future simplify sleep measurements and sleep disorder diagnosis.